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Date January 31, 2021
Category Articles
Avatar Erwin Dey
Date January 31, 2021
Category Articles
What is Cloud Storage?

Data is a vital component of any business and organization. It is possible to store and backup data using different external storage solutions, but none of these devices are failsafe. Therefore, it is easy to lose it due to damage, theft, misshapen, or breakage. Losing all the data is the worst nightmare for everyone. This is where cloud storage comes in handy with incredible features, capabilities, and services. Cloud storage is a reliable, secure, and easy way of storing and retrieving data. There are different cloud storage solutions and services available in the market that can be used based on requirements. To choose the best cloud storage service, one must understand what exactly cloud storage is and how it works. Let’s get started!

What Is Cloud Storage?

Cloud storage is a remote platform that uses virtualized and multi-tenant infrastructure to offer scalable storage resources to businesses, organizations, and enterprises. With cloud storage, data will be available on remote servers and accessed from the cloud or the internet. The data can be backed up, managed, and maintained remotely. This service is offered by cloud storage providers like ArvanCloud Object Storage. The third-party cloud storage provider hosts, secure, preserves, manages all the servers and related infrastructure and ensures that the data is accessible uninterrupted. Hard drives can store only a finite amount of data. Companies need to transfer files to an external storage device or build Storage Area Networks (SANAs), which are very expensive whenever they run out of storage. Cloud storages use massive data centers with high-tech computers that can physically store them and make them available to users via the web. With cloud storage, users can upload data remotely, store, and retrieve the data whenever needed. This way, the need to buy external hard drives, memory sticks, and cards to carry the data from one place to another will be eliminated. In other words, data will be delivered on-demand with in-time capacity, costs, and anywhere-anytime access.

How Does Cloud Storage Work?

Cloud storage works easy and simple. The information is stored in data centers placed across the world and maintained by third-party providers that operate the storage capacity, ensure security, manage durability, and deliver it over the internet in a pay-as-you-go model. Once the data is on hosted servers, it will be easily accessible through a web interface. Now, let’s have a closer look at how cloud storage works. Cloud storage contains a chain of servers (master control and many others). These servers are connected to each other so that the data can be utilized based on requirements.
Data can be stored as short-term or long-term memory. The short-term memory is controlled by random-access memory (RAM), which will process and keep all the computation tasks a computer will go through. When all the requests and actions are completed, data can be archived as long-term memory in different storage volumes, including the cloud. Cloud storage resources are abstracted from physical hardware. Cloud storage uses virtualization, one method of abstraction containing other servers and abstract storage space from all of them. These virtual storage spaces can be pooled into one thing called a data lake. The access to a data lake is as a single repository. When all the data lakes come together on the internet, cloud storage is created.
Cloud storage supports many types of files of different sizes, including documents, videos, photos, music, movies, and more. By signing up for a cloud storage service and uploading the data, it is possible to sync all the information on smartphones, tablets, mobile devices, etc., for easy access whenever needed. Cloud-storage makes it possible to upload and download files from anywhere across the world. All needed are internet access, a mobile device, and the application of the service provider. Applications access cloud storage through traditional protocols or via an API. With cloud storage, if one server needs maintenance or fails, it is ensured that the data has been replicated on different servers for availability.
Sharing data is also easy with cloud storage. It is possible to share files and information with other users and members. They can have access to edit or only read the shared files. The team members can collaborate on projects and work together. The data is highly secured and protected by a combination of strong passwords, so unauthorized people cannot access the uploaded files. Another interesting thing about cloud storage is that it can restore and recover lost or accidentally deleted data. Cloud storage gives companies and enterprises the freedom to manage and maintain their content. The space issue will be resolved, uploading, accessing, and sharing files will be easy. Everything is protected and available anytime, anywhere, from any device.
Cloud storage can be provisioned in different ways. First, end-users using web interfaces which are paying for the capacity on a per-transaction basis. Second, users specified the predetermined power, which is offered in advance. The payment is a monthly or flat fee. Third, the service providers allocate resources as needed, and the cost is on a pay-per-use basis.

Different Deployment of Cloud Storage

Several types of deployment models are used for cloud storage, including private storage, personal storage, hybrid storage, and public storage.
Private Storage
Private cloud storage service is privately designed for a single enterprise. Private cloud storage can be managed remotely by a thor-party provider or in an on-premise internal private cloud. The level of security in private cloud storage is higher, for it is determined for one business. The access to private cloud storage is with a private connection, and organizations with higher security demands like retail or banks can advantage from using private storage.
Personal Storage
Personal cloud storage makes it possible for individuals to store and access data in the cloud from different internet-connected devices like laptop, mobile, or tablet. Personal cloud storage is the main way of backing up the files to the cloud. It also makes it possible to use cloud computing services to sync data across multiple devices and retrieve it whenever required by a secure internet connection.
Hybrid Storage
Hybrid cloud storage is a combination of public and private storage. In Hybrid storage, organizations can choose what data to store in which cloud. For instance, less sensitive data can be stored in the public cloud, and regulated data with business values are more suited to a private cloud.
Public Storage
Public cloud storage can manage multiple users’ data in a public cloud. It is maintained by cloud providers and used by other businesses and companies. Users can rent space in the cloud-based on the requirements and expenses and receive the proper infrastructure from the cloud provider. The area is shared, but users do not have access to each other’s data at all.

Different Types of Data Storage in Cloud

Data can be stored in cloud storage based on three primary models containing file storage, block storage, and object storage.
File Storage
File storage is based on a hierarchical system of organizing data that stores data folders within directories and subdirectories. Files are tagged with different metadata for better identification. Sometimes this process can become complicated, especially when the number of data increases. File storage is one of the most affordable cloud storage services, but it might become hard to scale up once it contains dozens of files and data.
Block Storage
Another efficient cloud storage solution is block storage. Block storage manages data in storage spaces called blocks. Each block contains files arranged into same-sized chunks of data and tagged with specified characteristics. Each of these spaces is considered a separate hard drive, and they can be stored in different environments. Retrieving and managing data with block storage is much easier than file storage, especially for massive amounts of data.
Object Storage
Finally, we get to the object storage. What is object storage exactly? In an object storage solution, distinct units will be created called objects. These objects contain unstructured data, metadata, and a unique ID. Data retrieval is much easier than file and block storage because objects are archived in a flat address space and can customize more complex metadata. Object storage is both cost-effective and scalable.

To Sum Up

This article gathered a thorough explanation of what cloud storage is, its different deployments model, and how exactly cloud storage works. In the last decade, cloud storage solutions gained popularity in the business world and software industry. Whether you are a small or big business, cloud storage is necessary because data is power. A reliable cloud storage service can change the complete structure of storage and communication.
As a third-party cloud storage provider, ArvanCloud offers the best cloud object storage that makes it possible to store an unlimited volume of content. This service provides you with maximum availability, monitoring, restoring, and protecting your data. Click here to read more about ArvanCloud infrastructure advantages.

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